Bastille Day History!
On 19 May 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates-General to hear their grievances. The deputies of the Third Estate, representing the common people (the two others were the (Catholic) clergy and the nobility), decided to break away and form a National Assembly [the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing not to separate until a constitution had been established]. They were gradually joined by delegates of the other estates; Louis XVI started to recognize their validity on 27 June. The assembly renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July, and began to function as a legislature and to draft a constitution.
In the wake of the dismissal of Jacques Necker (the finance minister, who was sympathetic to the Third Estate) on 11 July, the people of Paris, fearful that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal army, and seeking to gain ammunition and gunpowder for the general populace, stormed the Bastille, a fortress-prison in Paris which had often held people jailed on the basis of lettres de cachet, arbitrary royal indictments that could not be appealed. Besides holding a large cache of ammunition and gunpowder, the Bastille had been known for holding political prisoners whose writings had displeased the royal government, and was thus a symbol of the absolutism of the monarchy. As it happened, at the time of the attack in July 1789 there were only seven inmates, none of great political significance.
When the crowd—eventually reinforced by mutinous Gardes Françaises—proved a fair match for the fort’s defenders, Governor de Launay, the commander of the Bastille, capitulated and opened the gates to avoid a mutual massacre. However, possibly because of a misunderstanding, fighting resumed. Ninety-eight attackers and just one defender died in the actual fighting, but in the aftermath, de Launay and seven other defenders were killed, as was the ‘prévôt des marchands’ (roughly, mayor) Jacques de Flesselles.
Shortly after the storming of the Bastille, on 4 August, feudalism was abolished. On 26 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was proclaimed.
RaspberryClafouti This Black cap Raspberry clafouti recipe, also know as clafouti aux mûres, is a homespun version of a traditional puffed French custard cake. Named after Mûres a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. Warm and bright orange zest enhances tangy, fresh raspberries for a simply delicious dessert. Perfect for Bastille Day! Serve with home made creme Fraiche sweetened with honey! Ingredients:
- 1 tablespoon softened butter
- 1 cup whole milk
- 1/4 cup heavy cream
- 2/3 cup all-purpose flour
- 3 large farm fresh eggs
- 1/4 cup granulated vanilla sugar
- 1 tablespoon grated orange zest
- 2 teaspoons home-made vanilla extract
- 1/4 teaspoon sea salt
- 4 cups fresh black cap raspberries mixed red and black
- 1 tablespoon confectioners’ sugar (powdered)
Preparation: Preheat an oven to 350 F. Butter a 9-inch by 9-inch square baking dish…
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